Russia-Eritrea Relations Grow with Planned Logistics Center
Russia and Eritrea expanded their diplomatic relationship Friday when Moscow announced plans to build a logistics center at a port in the East African country.
Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov disclosed the plans at a meeting with a high-level delegation from Eritrea, according to RIA, a Russian state-owned news agency.
The scope, location and timeline of the project have not been announced, but the diplomatic development is an important milestone for both countries, each of whom has sought to expand its bilateral ties.
For Russia, itâs the latest effort to forge alliances with countries in Africa, following multiple trips to the continent this year by Lavrov to discuss military, economic and diplomatic partnerships.
In late August, Russia signed a military cooperation agreement with the Central African Republic. That deal focuses on training armed forces in the CAR.
For Eritrea, a deepening Russia alliance is the latest sign that decades of isolation may be ending, after a historic peace deal in July with neighboring Ethiopia. Since that agreement was signed, Eritreaâs president, Isaias Afwerki, has met with leaders from Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Somalia and South Sudan. Heâs also received delegations from Japan and Germany.
For Fridayâs meeting, Eritrea sent a delegation led by Foreign Minister Osman Saleh and Yemane Ghebreab, a senior pr esidential advisor, to Sochi, Russia, about 3,100 kilometers north of the Eritrean capital, Asmara. Itâs the latest get-together in the countriesâ 25-year diplomatic relationship.
Eritreaâs two ports, in Massawa and Assab, occupy strategic points along the Red Sea. Access to those ports is one benefit Ethiopia, a landlocked country, may reap from the peace deal.
Ethiopia and Eritrea began talks about the possibility of joint port development immediately following the deal. Such a cooperation could involve an existing facility or one that hasnât yet been conceived.
Meanwhile, specifics on the purpose of the planned Russian logistics facility havenât been announced, but Russian and Eritrean leaders said the project would invigorate trade and business deals between the countries.
If Russia follows through on its plans for a logistics center, it wonât be the first time a foreign player has set up shop in Eritre a.
Assab is already home to a United Arab Emirates naval base, and Eritrea has allowed the U.A.E. to launch planes from Assab to fight Houthi rebels in Yemen. The port, at the mouth of the Red Sea, has a particularly strategic location less than 200 kilometers north of an array of international military bases in Djibouti.
Decades earlier, in the 1940s, the United States established a military and logistics base at Kagnew Station in Asmara for reconnaissance missions in Word War II and the Cold War.
Last year, U.S. Congressman Dana Rohrabacher called for renewed military ties with Eritrea in the fight against terrorism.
Eritrea faces U.N. sanctions against specific individuals, along with an arms embargo. Itâs hoping to use evolving diplomatic relationships to build momentum to remove the penalties.
Talk of lifting the sanctions has accelerated since the peace deal with Ethiopia, but Eritreaâs sanctions, in place since 2009 , were imposed not because of that conflict, but rather separate concerns with other regional neighbors, including alleged support of al-Shabab in Somalia and a border dispute with Djibouti.
The al-Shabab issue is all but settled, with the United Nations deciding last November to disband the monitoring group that was tasked with investigating Eritreaâs links to the armed extremist group, after years of inquiries produced no evidence of ties.
Objections over the border with Djibouti, however, have persisted, with Mohamed Siad Doualeh, Djiboutiâs ambassador to the United Nations, writing a forceful letter to the U.N. Security Council in late July outlining his countryâs grievance s, which include occupation of Djiboutian land and prisoners of war who have not been accounted for or returned.
Lifting sanctions will require nine of 15 Security Council votes, including the support of all five permanent members â" China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States.
Lavrov said Friday that sanctions against Eritrea should be lifted, according to TASS, a Russian state-owned news agency.
Itâs the first time a permanent member of the Security Council has addressed the sanctions issue since the peace deal with Ethiopia and, backed by aspirations for bilateral business deals, increases Eritreaâs odds before a potential vote.
Salem Solomon is a multimedia digital journalist with the Voice of Americaâs Africa Division. She covers the latest news from across the continent, and she also reports and edits in Amharic and Tigrigna.
Salemâs multimedia and data-driven projects include How Western DRCâs Ebola Outbreak Was Contained, Unrest: Ethiopia at a Crossroads, Zimbabwe in Transition, Hunger Across Africa and How Long Have Africa's Presidents Held Office?
Her work has appeared in The New York Times, The Washington Post, Poynter.org and Reuters. She researches trends in analytics and digital journalism. For tips and inquiries, email: firstname.lastname@example.org.